Etiket arşivi: u.s.
|1. Joint-CIM Tactical Handbook|
|2. Joint-CIM User’s Manual
DÖKÜMANI BURADAN İNDİREBİLİRSİNİZ.
1.1 Handbook Purpose
The Joint Civil Information Management Tactical Handbook is designed to provide joint procedures and standardized formats for the collection and reporting of civil data to support the Joint Force Commander planning and execution of operations. The publication consolidates the Services’ best tactics, techniques and procedures.
1.2 Handbook Scope
The Joint Civil Information Management Tactical Handbook is applicable to all of the civil functional areas and sectors that comprise the civil operating environment across the full range of military operations.
The handbook is non-system specific. The manual procedures and forms contained here-in are to be treated as a base-line standard. Organizations equipped with any of the several available automated collection systems may need to apply additional techniques to account for the capability of their system.
1.3 Handbook Audience
The Joint Civil Information Management Tactical Handbook is intended for use by any organization with the responsibility to collect and report civil data in support of joint force planning and execution. Users include, but are not limited to tactical collectors, such as civil affairs teams, maritime civil affairs teams, civil liaison teams, provincial reconstruction teams, human terrain teams, engineers, military information support operations (MISO), maneuver forces, special operations forces, US interagency, and partner nations.
1.4 Joint-Civil Information Management (CIM) Process
The joint-CIM process standardizes actions that collectors already execute to manage civil information. Standardization enables collectors to train to the same standard and provides leaders the ability to prioritize efforts and manage expectations among stakeholders resulting in a clear vision of the civil environment for the commander.
Joint-CIM is the process whereby civil information is collected, consolidated in a central information system, and shared with the supported elements, higher headquarters, other US Government and Department of Defense (DOD) Agencies, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations (NGO).
Joint-CIM is a six-step process:
Planning – The process begins with planning. Planning develops plans to collect, consolidate and share. The plan to collect considers what data and information are necessary. The plan to consolidate informs how the collected data will be organized. The plan to share identifies what to share, and with whom.
Collection – This is a tested procedure that provides civil data to support the joint force commander’s civil information requirements.
Consolidation – This is a tested procedure for collating and processing data to produce civil information to support planning, analysis and sharing.
Analysis – This activity is situational assessment, sensemaking and projection. It supports the development of products requested by the joint force command.
Production – This activity organizes, based on requirements, analyzed civil information, event logs, status trackers, etc. into products that satisfy requirements.
Sharing – This is a tested procedure that supports the external and internal exchange of information to increase joint force commander and stakeholder situational awareness and situational understanding.
The joint civil information management process is executed at all echelons of war (tactical through strategic). Each step of the process is emphasized differently by echelon and organization. At the tactical level, efforts are focused on collection and sharing with consolidation and analysis being a secondary effort. While tactical collectors do perform all six of the JCIM Process Steps, the Tactical Handbook was written to specifically address collecting and sharing of civil data.
1.5 Collecting Civil Data
Complete, accurate, and timely collection of operationally relevant civil data is necessary for a reliable representation of the civil components of the operating environment. The ability to visualize and understand the civil components of the operating environment is a critical component of the commander’s military decision making process.
The joint force collects relevant civil data in three ways:
Information Search: Collecting data and information from the internet, printed media, or other civilian or military sources. This collection type is viewed as indirect collection. Information search might use data mining.
Civil Reconnaissance: Planned collection of focused and coordinated information by direct observation and evaluation of the operating environment.
Civil Engagements: Activity to engage one or more individuals in dialogue or cultural exchange. It is a participatory interaction, such as key leader engagement (KLE), mass engagement, and surveys between the collecting unit and the indigenous populations and institutions (IPI) in the operating environment.
A college professor from St. Louis, Missouri has released research claiming that the U.S. Army conducted secret Cold War tests by spraying toxic radioactive chemicals on cities like St. Louis and Corpus Christi.
St. Louis Community College-Meramec sociology professor Lisa Martino-Taylor told The Associated Press that her research showed that the Army may have sprayed radioactive particles with zinc cadmium sulfide while claiming that it was testing a smoke screen that could prevent Russians from observing St. Louis from the air.
Those tests were concentrated in predominately-black areas of the city, which Army documents called “a densely populated slum district.”
In 1994, the Army confirmed to Congress that St. Louis was chosen because it resembled Russian cities that the U.S. might have to attack with biological weapons.
“The study was secretive for reason,” Martino-Taylor explained to KDSK last month. “They didn’t have volunteers stepping up and saying yeah, I’ll breathe zinc cadmium sulfide with radioactive particles.”
Documents showed that the Army used airplanes to drop the chemicals in Corpus Christi, but sprayers were mounted on station wagons and buildings in St. Louis.
“It was pretty shocking. The level of duplicity and secrecy. Clearly they went to great lengths to deceive people,” Martino-Taylor observed. “This was a violation of all medical ethics, all international codes, and the military’s own policy at that time.”
“There is a lot of evidence that shows people in St. Louis and the city, in particular minority communities, were subjected to military testing that was connected to a larger radiological weapons testing project.”
Doris Spates lived in one of those impoverished St. Louis neighborhoods as a child and has survived cervical cancer. But four of her siblings and her father weren’t as lucky. All five have died of cancer.
“I’m wondering if it got into our system,” Spates told the AP. “When I heard about the testing, I thought, ‘Oh my God. If they did that, there’s no telling what else they’re hiding.’”
Last month, both Missouri Sens. Claire McCaskill (D) and Roy Blunt (R) demanded that Army Secretary John McHugh come clean about the testing. For its part, the Army refused to comment on the matter until it had responded to the senators, the AP reported.
Watch this video KDSK, broadcast Sept. 25, 2012.